Ein paar Quellen zur Einordnung der aktuellen Aufregung zur möglichen Unterstützung des Hasspredigers Zakir Naik durch Regierungskreise
Indien hat eine Geschichte blutiger Auseinandersetzungen zwischen den Anhängern verschiedener Religionen hinter sich. Hindus gegen Muslime, Muslime gegen Hindus, beide gegen Christen, Sikh-Unruhen wegen der Forderung nach einem eigenen Gebiet:
Richtig zur Ruhe kommt das nicht. Radikale Töne sind da von Protagonisten aller Seiten immer mal wieder zu vernehmen. Insbesondere leiden auch Christen:
Radikale Töne sind da von Protagonisten fast aller Seiten immer mal wieder zu vernehmen, je nach örtlicher Machtlage. Da gibt es Übergriffe, Verfolgung, Zwangskonversion. Das Kaschmir-Problem, also die Forderung eines Anschlusses an Pakistan, ist ebenfalls bislang ungelöst:
„that the Kashmir problem is primarily rooted to the Jihadi ideology and religio-separatism of political Islam.
In the modern history of Kashmir, despite repeated dialogues since 1947, the Kashmir problem related to political Islam is still unresolved. The political leadership in Delhi has apparently failed to achieve any fruitful solution. Even the Rajya Sabha resolution on this issue adopted on August 10 recently also seems to be an addition to another crisis management formula to pacify the protesters in the valley temporarily. […]
The plan of wahhabi is to first wahhabise the Sufi influenced Muslim populace of Kashmir and then use them for transformation of their co-religionists in rest of India to hard-line Islam. The protracted movement for the restoration of the lost Muslim rule in the region by the pro-Wahhabi Deobandi, Jamaat-e-Islami, Tablique Jamaat and other hard-line Islamist organisations, and individuals like Zakir Naik and Owaisis under the patronage of vote greedy Indian political parties has already done the spade work to facilitate the extension of militant Jihad from Kashmir to the rest of India.“
Saudi-Arabien scheint in Indien seit Jahren massiv Geld zu investieren, um ihre radikale Form des Islam zu verbreiten, auch in Indien:
„While India constitutes the largest population of Muslims in the world after Indonesia, it cannot be denied only a tiny number of those in India are getting lured to the extremist Islamist outfits such as Islamic State, al-Qaeda, Taliban and others. This is precisely because Islam in India has been anchored in syncretism and pluralistic tradition. But now several academics, analysts and even media researchers worry about the growing onslaught the petrodollar Salafism on a more accommodative form of Sufi Islam in India.“
Wird der Wahabismus propagiert, bestehen berechtigt Bedenken hinsichtlich des Wiederaufflackerns und Befeuerns solcher Auseinandersetzungen und Unruhen:
„In the last three-four years there has been a steady increase in Wahhabi preachers coming to India to conduct seminars. The official warned that „There is no doubt that Wahhabism is getting stronger in the country, especially in Kerala, mainly because of the radicalisation of a large number of local youth who are going to Saudi Arabia in search of employment. Kerala has been showing signs of sharp radicalisation. This was the only state where posters mourning the death of Osama Bin Laden had come up and a prayer for Ajmal Kasab was also held after he was hanged.“
Donations from Saudi sources are playing a key role in this process, which is being repeated across other parts of the country as well.“
Schon letztes Jahr wurde in „The Diplomat“ gewarnt:
„A growing number of mosques, madrasas and educational institutions are funded by Saudi Arabia, and the rising number of followers of Islamic sects that are more conservative and exclusivist in nature poses new challenges. Wahabis and Salafis are attracting new followers and supporters in parts of India where Islam in practice has traditionally had South Asian cultural traits. States in South India with better education indices and economic wellbeing seem to have more sympathizers among younger Muslims.
For decades Indian governments remained indifferent to Saudi funding; critics of unregulated growth of Islamic schools and presence of Wahabi teachers from Saudi Arabia, Egypt and other Gulf countries were branded alarmists.[…]
In the last few years Salafis have managed to take root in large parts of India, including the country’s IT capital, Bangalore, which today boasts more than 40 Salafi mosques that preach ideas repugnant to centuries-old Islamic traditions in India. That it was not easy to set up Salafi mosques due to opposition from existing Islamic groups in Bangalore is well acknowledged by the Salafi trust on its official website: “There were physical fights, social boycott, warnings and torture for the above members for bringing the Salafi Methodology in their locality,” before they managed to build Salafi mosques. Initial opposition later dissolved and Salafis managed to expand their influence in the city, especially among its younger population.[…]
Wahabi Islam is sponsored by Saudi Arabia’s monarchical system. Salafis are more conservative and do not accept many of the beliefs of Sunni Muslims like Wahabis. They are also more aggressively opposed to any cultural influence impacting Muslim practices. Their brand of Islam considers all ideas and practices of Muslims that are not in conjunction with the Holy Book as heretical. Any innovation is regarded as promoting polytheism
More and more Muslims, particularly younger adherents, are being attracted by the preaching of ultra-conservative clerics. This is not to say that they all are supporters of radical groups like ISIS and the Taliban. Still, the change in the complexion of discourse within sections of the Muslim population, their responses and the growing assertion of some people that there is a need to abandon a centuries-old brand of South Asian Islam are a natural consequence of years of government indifference, some complicity, and a failure to recognize how Saudi money was actually contributing to a change in the way many Indian Muslims think.“
Auch die jüngere Generation ist trotz besserer Bildung betroffen:
„The rise of Islamic radicalization with youth motivated by religion who see Kashmir as part of the global jihad — the raising of ISIS flags in valley a sign of this. In Kulgam, there are Pakistani flags, a girl draped in a burqa, a student of class 10th in government high secondary school which was partially burnt down during the unrest, raises her voice says „Islam is the best. We are better doctors, engineers, and gunmen. This is because we are Muslims.“ This even as she is egged on by her school-mates. The foot prints of Jamiat-e-ahle Hadith are strongly visible everywhere. From 1000 mosques a decade ago, there are 3500 mosques. Sources believe that the new daunting structures are built with the intention to spread hardline Islam or Salafi culture. The money many believe even routed through Saudi Arabia, through the hawala route, though this has not been proved yet.
As Kashmir insurgency rages on for close to three decades, many feel, there is a decisive transition. The battleground Kashmir remains same, but the goalpost has changed from the Azadi sloganeering to Islamic fundamentalism.“
Vor diesem Hintergrund besteht eine Besorgnis, dass der Ausbreitung des Wahabismus zu wenig entgegengesetzt wird. Eine aktuelle Meldung, wonach der Vorsitzende der indischen Congress-Partei Singh dem Hassprediger Zakir Naik geholfen haben soll und er diesen geschützt haben soll vor Verfolgung durch die eigenen Organe, stößt daher auf Befremden und Empörung. Singh verwies auf einer Veranstaltung 2012 auf den Dialog und die Aussöhnung zwischen Muslimen und Hindus. Er soll deshalb behauptet haben, Naik verbreite die Botschaft der Friedens. Zur Erinnerung: Naik ist ein expliziter Hassprediger. Mehrere hochrangige Mitglieder der Congress-Partei, Minister, sollen Naik getroffen haben.
Der Moderator ist sehr aufgeregt (aber auch die geladenen Gesprächspartner behalten oftmals nicht das Mindestmaß an Fassung):
Ein längerer Bericht:
Heute lässt sich der Vorsitzende der Congress-Partei ein, er habe „nicht gegen Gesetze verstoßen“:
Das wird möglicherweise zu prüfen sein.
Eine politische Förderung islamistischer Akteure, nur weil sie auch oder einige Male (Verhandlungs-)Partnern gegenüber schöne Worte gebrauchen, ist wenig erfolgversprechend. Bevor nicht Handlungen erfolgen, die eine nicht nur taktische Umkehr oder strategische Janus-Köpfigkeit nahelegen, kommt man nicht weiter. Öffentlich auch von Frieden reden, ist völlig wertlos, während man weiterhin die Militanz der Anhänger anstachelt,
Ein interessantes Porträt von „Indiens eigenem Baghdadi“:
„This Maulana took Nasser under his wings and indoctrinated him in the extreme and puritanical Salafi theology and beliefs. Nasser joined the Ahl-i-Hadith, a Salafi movement that emerged in northern India in the mid-19th century and which now gets financial support from Wahhabi proponents in Saudi Arabia. Nasser refuses to say what he did after Deoband or where he travelled. But he also joined the Tablighi Jamaat, a Sunni proselytising and revivalist movement. Nasser arrived at Kebala seven years ago and took over as the Maulana of the local mosque. He then started the madrassa and insisted that all Muslims send their children to that madrassa.
And since then, a slow but sure transformation has come over Kebala. Men started growing beards and dressing up like their maulana, women started wearing the burkha and even girls as young as five started wearing the hijab. They stopped going to the mazhar of the Sufi saint, Ghiasuddin Baba (as he was reverentially known), and the closest to music that one hears at Kebala today is the lilting call of the muezzin for namaz. Many other changes have come about and the Muslims of the town have stopped interacting socially with the small Hindu population there. […]
What’s more, Salafi preachers and evangelists of the Tablighi Jamaat have been silently converting Hindus belonging to the disadvantaged sections — the so-called lower castes and the impoverishe — to their brand of Islam. Such conversions are not reported and the converts do not record their change of religion with the authorities immediately in order to avoid scrutiny and set alarm bells ringing. What is also cause for great concern is that a growing number of radicalised youths from these areas are joining extremist and terrorist outfits.
Indian intelligence agencies have been noticing and reporting this alarming trend. As a result, funds coming in from Saudi Arabia and other Middle East countries for spreading Salafi ideology are being monitored and a number of Salafi, Ahl-i-Hadith and Tablighi Jamaat preachers have been put on the watch list. Slowly and silently, the funding to Salafi madrassas and seminaries is being cut off. But these steps, feel many in the intelligence establishment, are not enough.
The Salafi preachers should be investigated and arrested and watertight chargesheets drawn up against them for spreading hatred. At the same time, liberal Muslims and liberal Muslim organisations should be encouraged to take on the Salafists and counter their toxic ideology and brand of Islam. But will that happen?“